There is one skill set that continues to be more in demand than ever before: CODING.

The trouble of course, is that coding isn’t easy, and it takes a lot of time, work, and dedication to understand the basics.

While it’s impossible to teach you everything you need to know about coding in a single resource, consider this article a quick introduction and  ‘explanatory’ guide,  to provide you with some helpful tips, information, and terminology.

Coding is a valuable skill to possess in today’s modern world and while it’s not easy to learn code and start programming, it is absolutely possible!

While there are an abundance of different coding languages, there are five basic concepts that remain consistent throughout. In order to understand programming, I reccommend grasping these concepts as a base and building from here:

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In its simplest form, a variable is a method of storing information that is intended to be used later. Such information can then be retrieved later by referring to the variable – the word or term that describes the information. Programs are built on variables – they are the backbone of any programming language.


A control structure is a piece of programming that analyses different variables and chooses how to proceed based on the parameters in play.


These are specific methods by which data is stored and organised in a computer. The data is stored in such a way that it can be efficiently accessed and used when needed.


Even if you don’t have much coding knowledge, you probably know that different characters and symbols are used when writing code. Syntax is the set of rules that defines the combination of various symbols that should be used and which symbols are properly structured. Syntax is essentially the grammar handbook for the coding language.


Finally, we have tools. This is the easiest of the five concepts to understand. Just like in the real world, a tool is simply a piece of software that allows you to program quickly and more efficiently.

Sound confusing? Don’t be alarmed! As you begin your coding journey, the above 5 concepts will become clearer as you start putting them into context. Challenge yourself and learn to code. It is a powerful skill that forms the basis of all future innovation.

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